Most new parents are surprised to learn that baby-soft skin is often a myth. Skin problems are frequent in the first year of a baby's life. Since the baby’s immune system is still developing, it makes them prone to illnesses, especially when the season changes, so it's time for extra care. The blazing sun has given way to the breezy weather, and while we can't wait to snuggle up in warm blankets and drink soothing hot chocolate as winter approaches, our health may not be on the same page. A change in season brings with it many health risks, especially to babies. It causes dryness, rashes, skin infections, pus boils, and diaper rashes. A baby's skin is more prone to infections during the change in season because it is almost 40 to 60 times thinner than an adult’s and much more sensitive.
With a change in the weather, change your baby's skincare routine to a more season-friendly one by choosing the right products. Ensure that your baby’s skincare products contain natural ingredients to keep the baby’s skin nourished and moisturized to help fight monsoon-related skin concerns.
Several skin infections, such as rashes, skin dryness, soreness, or itching, can cause discomfort for your baby. Chemicals, dyes, synthetic clothing, weather change, and pollution cause skin infections on your baby’s skin, especially during this time of the year. As a new parent, equip yourself with knowledge on how to take care of your baby's skin.
Here are some tips:
Cleansing/Baby Bath: For the first few months, there is no need to bathe your baby frequently as it may remove essential oils from their body, leaving the skin dry, which results in eczema or dermatitis. So a sponge wash three to four times a week is recommended. Unless the baby drools and poops, the baby does not get soiled. Cleaning that region gently with a soft cloth will keep it clean. However, you should bathe your baby regularly after the first two months. The temperature drops during the change in season, but there is still a lot of humidity, which can cause your baby to sweat. Because of the sweat and dampness, there is a high risk of bacterial infection. Furthermore, newborn skin has a higher pH level, which increases the risk of skin irritation, so choose a glycerin-and-vitamin-rich baby wash that is gentle and mild. Also, ensure that it contains nourishing ingredients like coconut, aloe vera, or others so that the skin does not dry out often.
Skin moisturization: A baby’s skin has a lower ability to retain moisture than an adult's, making it more prone to dryness. A baby balm with shea butter, vitamin E, and nourishing oils is always a good choice. Due to its unique thick texture, the balm offers easy spreadability and long-lasting moisturization than lotion or cream. Baby body lotions and creams have higher water content, which results in a runny and light consistency. It also limits the moisturizing capability and does not penetrate deep into the skin. So the outer layer of the skin gets dehydrated, loses its elasticity and becomes dry. However, the baby balm not only moisturizes your baby's skin but also acts as an anti-microbial element to prevent bacterial and fungal infections. It contains coconut oil, turmeric root oil, camphor bark oil, and basil oil that act as anti-microbial agents, which help in healing skin rashes, eczema, itching, pain, and other baby skin infections.
Oil Massage: Regardless of the season, massage oil plays a crucial role in keeping your baby's skin healthy and promoting growth. Choose a massage oil that contains sunflower oil, castor oil, olive oil, coconut oil, almond oil, turmeric oil, basil oil, and other natural plant-based oils that will soften and nourish their skin. Make sure that the oil is non-sticky and spreadable. Massage oil can also help to protect your baby's skin and reduce dryness. Massaging a nutritious, non-sticky baby oil, according to the Indian Academy of Paediatrics (IAP), leads to reduced stress behaviour, lower cortisol levels, and enhanced cognitive performance in newborns.
Diaper hygiene: Diaper rashes and yeast infections are two common diaper-related issues during “season change." Take proper care of your baby's skin while using diapers. In humid weather, tight and damp diapers induce sweat and cause infection of the perineal regions. To avoid diaper rashes, check and remove diapers regularly. Apply anti-microbial nappy rash balm high in Vitamin E. To clean the diaper region, use alcohol-free wet wipes.
Follow the cloth rule: Wash every new baby's garment to ensure freshness. Cotton garments are best since they are soft on the baby's skin and are airy and breathable. To wash baby garments, use a mild, dye-free baby detergent. Wash baby clothes, cloth diapers, bedding, and blankets separately. Make sure the clothes are completely dry. During the change in season, keep your babies in warm clothes.
Use mosquito nets and repellents: The fresh breath of a cold respite after a sweltering summer makes the monsoon one of the most beloved seasons. This change in season brings a slew of illnesses. Mosquito bites are the most common cause of infection in babies during this time of year, so parents must take additional precautions to protect the baby from any mosquito-borne diseases. Regardless of any season, mosquito nets and repellents (after consulting a paediatrician) are necessary to use in order to avoid infection.
Use certified and trusted baby products to ensure your baby's safety. Avoid using scented soaps, shampoos, and detergents on newborns since these might induce allergic reactions. Natural products will leave your baby's skin feeling smooth, supple, and nourished. It is necessary to provide proper nourishment to your baby's skin. Use natural oils, a wholesome baby balm, and a mild and gentle foamy body wash and shampoo.
If your baby still suffers from rashes, itching, or pain after taking these measures, it is best to see a physician immediately.